Egyptian Arab Horse


Egyptian Arabian – the purebred thoroughbred Arabian from Egypt

Egyptian Arabians are Asil Arabians , i.e. purebred thoroughbred Arabians, which correspond to the Arabian thoroughbred in their exterior and go back to Bedouin breeding on the Arabian Peninsula. Some of these horses born in the desert came to Egypt at the beginning of the 19th century and were the basis for further breeding of thoroughbred Arabians with a pure bloodline - today called Egyptian Arabians. Through the sale of some horses to Germany and the USA in the middle of the 20th century, Asil Arabian breeding also developed in North America and Europe established on the basis of pure Egyptian Arabians. The Egyptian Arabians also inspire in this country with their noble appearance full of expression and nobility , but also with their high performance and their versatility in all disciplines of equestrian sport.

The exterior of the Egyptian Arabian - a noble type of horse with a noble expression

In terms of its exterior, the Egyptian Arabian corresponds to that of the thoroughbred Arabian and presents itself as a correctly built riding horse. The height at the stick should be between 148 and 157 centimeters. Typical of the breed type are the noble, wedge-shaped head with its large, expressive eyes, the noble overall appearance, the harmonious physique and the dry foundation. The relatively small head, which is characterized by a broad forehead, high freedom of the jaws and elastic, pronounced nostrils, will particularly catch the eye of the observer. The profile is concave or straight, with a typical pike's head with an incurved nasal bone. In addition, the Egyptian Arabian has a long, arched and high set neck, which merges into sloping and long shoulders, a well-defined withers, a short back and sufficient girth depth. The high set tail emphasizes the remarkably long croup. Last but not least, the Egyptian Arabian is characterized by a dry and strong foundation with hard and round hooves, pasterns of medium length and short cannon bones. With regard to coat color, gray horses are particularly common, but also black horses, bay horses and foxes. Checks are tolerated. WhenThe thoroughbred Arabian also has another special feature with regard to the number of vertebrae. Unlike other horse breeds, it has only 17 ribs , six lumbar vertebrae and 15 caudal vertebrae.

The most important features of the interior at a glance

Egyptian Arabians are known as friendly, gentle and people-oriented horses , which are characterized by great affability, temperament, a positive character and a high ability to learn. With these qualities, but also with their high endurance, strong nerves and hardness, they prove to be the ideal riding horse for sports and leisure purposes. Last but not least, the fast and powerful Egyptian Arabian is valued for its poise, longevity, good health and high responsiveness.

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Breeding history and origin of the Egyptian Arabian

The origin of the Egyptian Arabian goes back to the horses of the Nejd Desert on the Arabian Peninsula and is therefore characterized by a breeding history of around 1,800 years. The horses brought to Egypt from 1811 onwards by the regents Mohammed Ali, Ibrahim Pasha and Abbas Pasha, all of whom were lovers and connoisseurs of desert horses, proved to be the basis of today's pure Egyptian thoroughbred Arabians, were bred. The first proofs of descent and birth date from this period. Abbas Pasha, who used the horses of his two predecessors (grandfather and uncle) and the horses he had bought himself from the Beduins to breed in his stud farm near Cairo, was decisive for the breeding of the Egyptian Arabian. With his immense knowledge of horse husbandry and breeding, he was a recognized expert, especially since he made intensive efforts to track down and document the pedigrees of the horses he had acquired. The results were recorded in the so-called Abbas Pasha Manuscript, which was later translated into English and thus made accessible worldwide.

particular, including Ali Pasha Sherif and Prince Mohammed Ali and Prince Kemal el Din, whose horses were mostly combined in the royal stud Inshass. The Royal Agricultural Society (RAS), founded in 1908, was among other things responsible for overseeing the registry responsible and was later renamed the Egyptian Agricultural Organization (EAO). To this day, this organization maintains the world-famous El Zahraa State Stud in Heliopolis/Cairo, which owns around 300 purebred Egyptian Arabians. Excellent selection and targeted pairings made it possible to produce first-class thoroughbred Arabians, especially under the stud management of Tibor von Pettkó-Szandtner. Experts soon agreed that the thoroughbred Arabians of Egypt are the most typical Arabians. Egyptian Arabians had already come to Germany from the studs of Prince Mohammed Ali and Abbas Pasha in 1852, 1860/61 and 1930 and from the royal stud of Württemberg been imported into Weil/Marbach. In the mid-1950s, further purchases followed from the El Zahraa State Stud, so that other top horses such as Hadban Enzahi, his half-sister Nadja, Ghazal and Moheba came to Germany. In this country, these horses laid the foundation for the breeding of pure Egyptian Arabians. The development in the USA was similar. Here it was the breeders Henry Babson and Judith Forbis who brought the first Egyptian Arabians to America in 1932 and 1959, followed by the multi-millionaire Douglas B. Marshall, who bought the legendary stallion Morafic. At that time, in the mid-20th century, most horses were exported to the United States. In second place was Germany, where in particular the breeder Dr. Hans Joachim Nagel laid the basis for breeding with the first typey Egyptian Arabians from El Zahraa.

In order to promote further breeding, the Pyramid Society was founded in the USA in 1969 with Douglas B. Marshall as the first presidentissued. In Germany, the first Asil Arab book was published in 1977 by the Asil Club. It comprised around 60 thoroughbred Arabians descended from pure Egyptian bloodlines. The club accepts horses with pure Egyptian bloodlines as well as thoroughbred Arabians, which were acquired directly from the Bedouins of the Arabian desert. The pure Egyptians, like the Bedouin horses, are called asile, i.e. pure, thoroughbred Arabians. Another important milestone in the breeding history of the Egyptian Arabian was the founding of the Pyramid Society Europe in 1987, which published a directory of around 450 Egyptian horses, the Almanac I, in 1990.

Worth knowing about the Egyptian Arabian – versatile in equestrian sport

Whether in professional equestrian sport or in leisure riding, Egyptian Arabians are willing to perform and versatile in all disciplines They cut a fine figure in dressage as well as in eventing or in long-distance rides and drives. The rideable horses with strong nerves can even be used for western ridingIn addition, the Egyptian Arabian is also suitable as a leisure and family horse with its friendly nature and its human-oriented character.

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