Scale of Training Horses


The training scale (or training scale) lays the foundation for sound training between you and your horse. This form of horse training can be used for any discipline and is suitable for both popular and competitive sports. Here you can find out what the goal of the training scale is and which training steps are to be taken.

     The Scale of Training 

Sound training lays the foundation for a good relationship between you and your horse . Because only if you understand your horse and vice versa can make your horse understand you, the cooperation will be really successful. The German Equestrian Federation (FN) offers help in training. In her ' Guidelines for Riding and Driving ' she describes the basic knowledge about the training of horses, riders, drivers and vaulters. To illustrate the individual steps and content of horse training, the guidelines include the training scale:


Target of the training scale

The scale of training is considered a principle in classical horse training . The overriding goal is the permeability of the horse, which in this case can be understood as physical and mental balance, relaxation and the resulting willingness to perform. It can be transferred to any discipline and is useful in both popular and competitive sports.


Training scale: The training steps at a glance


Spatial and temporal regularity of all steps, kicks and leaps . Tact must be present and maintained in all tempi—work pace, reinforcement, and collection—in straight lines as well as in transitions and turns. The rider must concentrate on driving evenly and giving the rein aids sensitively. The basic tempo must always be maintained and smooth swinging along in the movement is now plus ultra. The leaning is just as important for the beat.




The horse runs with a swinging back, neck stretched forward and without haste with natural, rhythmic and relaxed movements and responds well to the rider's or driver's aids. In order to achieve relaxation, a basic pace that is comfortable for the horse must be ridden in every gait and the beat must be worked out. Each point on the scale complements each other, of course. Mid-step on long reins, easy trot work on curved lines and hand and speed changes are helpful for relaxation.



Springy, soft, even connection between hindquarters, horse's back, rider's/driver's hand and horse 's mouth via the reins. The horse should chew on the bit. Chewing also relaxes the horse's jaw muscles. For proper contact, the rider must be able to sit and manipulate independently of the hand.


A horse walks energetically when it steps down energetically and swings its limbs well forward in the suspension phase. Momentum comes about through increased driving at the same speed . Increased dismounting is promoted by changing the pace and an elastic rider's hand.


The horse walks covering the hoof , i.e. in position and bending with the hind hooves in the track of the front hooves. Straightness can be practiced by riding many transitions, wavy lines and side movements. Changing hands also supports straightening.


The hindquarters of the horse increasingly take on the load of the rider and horse . The hindquarters step further under. Stopping and trotting, backing and flexing, and walk-canter transitions are some good exercises for gaining more collection.

How to understand the scale of training?

The steps listed largely build on each other . In practice, this means: If you get stuck in a certain training point, check whether your horse has completely mastered the previous lessons. If not, work your horse's skills again from this point. There are numerous riding schools and instructors that offer you the opportunity to train and expand your riding skills. We can only recommend that you take advantage of these opportunities – your horse will also benefit from them. Keep the option open to consult a qualified trainer or an experienced rider if you have problems. No rider is perfect and, above all, for (re-)beginners, experts offer a good opportunity to compensate for rider mistakes and thus preserve the horse's rideability.

A well-trained riding participation can also be an option and offers you, as a nice side effect, a certain time saving. Riding participations often also contribute financially or make their labor available in everyday stables.


Training of the rider - lifelong learning

The training of the rider is a long way and never reached the end. In equestrian sport, like in any other sport, you never stop learning. Precisely because every horse is different and individual, there are always new challenges. A rider can therefore never be fully trained, but can always continue to learn. That is why it makes sense for every rider and equestrian to take regular riding lessons from a qualified trainer. Of course, this is not a must, because it always depends on what you want to achieve with your horse. However, it makes sense for the horse's health to take riding lessons regularly to ensure the horse's gymnastics and to prevent possible illnesses .


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