The 8 Rarest Horse Breeds In The World

What’s the rarest horse breed in the world? That depends on what you consider rare, and how many horse breeds you’re willing to count. There are currently over 60 different recognized horse breeds out there, but some of them are so rare that not very many people ever see them, let alone own one. Here are 8 of the rarest horse breeds in the world, and why they’re so special (and probably expensive!).

1) Andalusian

Andalusians are an endangered breed, but they are considered one of Spain’s most beautiful horses. Their ancestry dates back more than 3,000 years and is linked to horses ridden by ancient warriors and Roman rulers. Due to their small numbers (less than 3,000 in existence), Andalusians are rarely exported from Spain, making them even rarer abroad. They tend to be extremely calm and agile; among all breeds, they’re regarded as some of the best jumpers around.

Andalusian Horse

2) Asil

There are approximately 60,000 Asil horses in China, where they originated. This breed is noted for its speed and endurance and was once used by Chinese nobility to hunt wolves. Fast forward to modern times and you’ll find Asil horses being used as police mounts. The breed has spread around the world and can now be found in Australia, Japan, South Africa, France and England. It’s even considered a national treasure in Taiwan!

Andalusian Horse

3) Akhal-Teke

These gorgeous, black-and-white horses stand out even amongst horse breeds. They’re called Turkoman horses because they come from Central Asia, where they were originally bred by nomadic tribes known as Turkomans. They are extremely fast and can run more than 65 miles per hour! As a result of their speed, they have been used in horse races in Europe. Sadly, only around 600 Akhal-Tekes are left in existence today. Akhal-Teke Breed

Akhal-Tek Horse

4) Caspian

This beautiful but rare horse was once used as a mount for Persian warriors, who prized it for its intelligence, strength and speed. They bred Caspians with Arabian horses in hopes of improving their offspring’s stamina and endurance. Today, purebred Caspians are nearly extinct, with an estimated 3,000 to 4,000 remaining worldwide. Fortunately, some of them live on small farms in Romania where they can be admired by visitors who may never see them again outside of those farms or zoos.

Caspian Horse

5) Falabella

Falabellas are a miniature horse breed originating in Argentina. It was originally bred to be a show horse and carriage horse, but is now used as a riding or driving horse by some families. These horses can range from 12–15 hands (48–60 inches, 122–152 cm) tall and weigh between 800–1200 pounds (360–550 kg). With their upright ears and stocky build, Falabellas are often confused with Shetland ponies, although they are slightly larger than that breed.

Falabella Horse

6) Heredetarian Arabians

They’re called Hereditarian Arabians and they live on an island. They are all descended from a single Arabian stallion that was shipwrecked there in 1890. Their numbers have since swelled to more than 3,000; a multi-million dollar tourism industry has even grown up around them. And thanks to their insular nature—and their limited gene pool—they are considered one of world’s rarest horse breeds.

7) Knabstrupper

This rare horse breed was originally developed by crossing a Trakehner stallion with mares from an old Danish warmblood line. While other warmbloods have lighter manes and tails, Knabstruppers are known for their dramatic black, mahogany-colored plumes. Their tails are often braided. They have been used as hunters in Denmark and have also proven themselves in dressage competition, although there are not many of them around.

Knabstrupper horse

8) Lipizzaner

This rare horse breed hails from Austria. These horses were originally bred as war horses, and they still retain much of their legendary power and grace. Some people believe that Lipizzaners are related to Friesian horses, which means they may be closely related to Andalusians or Lusitanos.


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